Jordanian Copyright Law

Article 1
No. (22) Year 1992 and amendments Copyright Law

This law is called (the copyright law for the year 1992), and shall enter into effect as of the date of its publication in the official gazette.

Article 2 :
The following words shall have the meaning assigned to them here-under, unless the context indicates otherwise:

The Ministry:
The Minister


The centre:
The Ministry of Culture
The minister of Culture

Delivering the product to the centre according to the law.
Putting the product In a permanent physical form.
Depository centre at the national library or any official party accredited by the Minister.


Article 3
a) The innovative products in literature, arts and SCience, regardless of their kind, importance or purpose of their production.
b) This protection includes the products which are expressed in the form of writing, voice, drawing, photography, or movement in particular.
1-Books and booklets and other written materials.
2-Products that are orally presented such as lectures, speeches and preaches.
3-Theatre products, musical and singing plays and gesture acting.
4-Musical products whether numbered or not, or accompanied by words or not.
5-Cinema and audio visual radio products.
6-0rawings, photography, sculpture, architecture, applied sciences and ornaments works.
7-Explanatory photos, maps, designs and maquettes, pertaining to geography and the land surface maps.
8-Computer programs whether in the source language or machine language.
c) The protection includes the product title, unless the title was a common expression to indicate the subject of the product.
d) The literature and art products also enjoy the protection such as the encyclopedia, the selections and collected data, whether they were in an electronically read form or
in any other form, and formed innovative intellectual works in terms of their contents selection or order. Also, the groups that include selected parts of poetry, prose, music or other, provided the source of the excerpts and their authors, without prejudice to the rights of the authors relevant to every product that forms part of these groups.
IPlN/] IIOR/e/l/Rev.l

Article 4 :
Is considered an author, the person that publishes the product as being his, whether by using his name on the product, or through any other method, unless there was an evidence to otherwise. This applies to the assumed name (nick name) provided that there is no doubt about the real character of the author.

Article 5
Without prejudice to the copyrights of the original product’s
author, he shall enjoy protection and be deemed an author for
the purposes of this law:
a) Whoever translates the product into another language or
transforms it from a form of literature, arts, or science to
another form, or summarizes it, converts it, arnends it,
explains it, comments on it or indexes it, or other ways
that display it in a new form.
b) The performer that presents to the public an artistic work
set by others whether this performance was through
singing, playing, rhyming , orating, photographing,
drawing, movements, steps or ant other way.
c) The authors of the encyclopedia, the selections, collected
data and the groups covered by protection under this law.
Article 6
If a product was innovated to the account of another person,
the copyrights will belong to the innovative author unless
otherwise agreed in writing.
Article 7 :
The protection stipulated under this law does not include the
following products unless the groups of these products were
characterized by a personal effort comprising innovation or
a) The laws, regulations, judicial jUdgements, the decisions
of the boards of directors, the international agreements
and all official documents, and official translations of
these products or any part thereof.
b) The published, broadcast or publicly notified news.
c) Products that became public property . The national
folklore is considered public property for the purposes of
this article, provided that the minister applies the
copyrights for these products when facing distortior
modification or damages directed to the cultural interests.
Article 8
The author alone:
a) Has the right to have his product attributed to him, and to
mention his name on all the produced copies whenever
that product is presented to the public, unless the product
was mentioned by chance during a relay of the news
about current events.
b) Has the right to decide upon the publication of his produ
and to choose the method of publication and date thereof.
c) Has the right to introduce any amendments to his product
whether by changing it , editing it , deleting from it or
adding thereto.
d) Has the right to defend any aggression on his product and
to prevent any distortion, modification thereof or any other
amendment thereto, or any encroachment thereon that
would prejudice his reputation or honor. However, in the
event of the occurrence of any deletion therefrom, change
therein, addition thereto, or amendment thereto in the
translation of the product, the author shall not have the
right to prevent it , unless the translator omitted to
mention the location of this amendment, or the translation
affected the author’s reputation and his cultural or artistic
status or violated the content of the product.
e) The right to withdraw his product from circulation if there
were serious and legitimate causes therefor. In this case,
the author shall be held liable to fairly compensate the party
to whom the rights of financial exploitation were assigned.
Article 9
The author has the right to financially exploit his product in
any way he chooses, and no one but him has the right to
exercise this without a written approval from him or his
successor. This includes:
a) The right to print, broadcast and produce his product.
b) The right to copy his product in all the physical forms
including photography, cinema, or recording.
c) The right to translate his product to another language, to
musically adapt or distribute it or effect any modification
d) The right to permit the use of a copy or more of his product
by people that exploit it in leasing or lending works, and
other works relevant to submitting the product to the
e) The right to submit his product to the public through
reading, presenting, display, acting, radio or television
broadcast, cinema playing or any other method.
Article 10
In spite of the Article (9) herein:
a) Any Jordanian citizen has the right to obtain a nonrestricted
and non-assigned to others permit by the
minister or whomever he delegates , to translate any
foreign product published in a printed or any other form to
the Arabic language, and to publish this translation in a
printed and any other similar form, three years after the
date of the publication of this product, and provided that a
translation thereof was not published in Jordan by the
owner of the right to translate or with his consent, or in the
event of the exhaustion of the translated copies.
b) Any Jordanian citizen shall have the right to obtain a nonrestricted
license and non-assigned to any other party, by
the minister or whomever he delegates to copy and
publish any of the following published products,
according to the following conditions:
1- The elapse of three years following the date of the
first publication of any printed product on
technology, natural SCiences, physics, or
mathematics, or the elapse of seven years following
the first publication of poems, plays and musical
works, art books and stories, or the elapse of five
years following the first pUblication of any printed
2- Provided that no copies thereof were distributed Itl
the Kingdom to meet the needs of the public or for
school or university education through the copyright
owner or with his consent, for a price proportionate
to the prices of products similar thereto in the
3- Provided that the published copy is sold according to
the provisions of this item for a price equal or less
than the price stipulated in item (2) of this paragraph.
Page 8
c) The translation permits stipulated in paragraph (a) of this
Article are only granted for the purposes of school,
university education or researches, as for the copies
stipulated in paragraph (b) of this Article, they are only
granted to be used in the school or university education.
d) When granting translation or copy permits, the originCJI
author of the product that was translated or copied shall
be entitled to a fair compensation, proportionate to the
copyrights standards accredited in the optional licensing
contracts, between people in the kingdom and people in
the author’s country.
e) The conditions and procedures for granting permits stated
in this Article are determined by virtue of regulations
issued for this purpose.
Article 12 :
The copyright for any product may not be impounded,
however, published copies of the product may be
impounded, but the product whose owner dies before
its publication may not be impounded unless :(t was
proven that he has consented before his death to its
Arti c I e 13
The author may dispose of the financial exploitation rights of
his product, provided it is in writing, and that he explicitly
states in details every right that can be disposed of, while
indicating its extent, purposes thereof, as well as the duration
and place of exploitation.
Article 14 :
Is considered null and void the author’s disposition of his
total future intellectual production.
Article 15 :
The transfer of the ownership of the original copy of a
product or of a unique copy or several copies ther·eof to
others does not include the transfer of the copyright of this
product to the others. However, whoever owns this copy or
copies thereof shall have the right to display them to the
public without being committed to enabling the author to
copy, transfer or display them, unless agreed otherwise.
Article 16 :
The copyright of the author of the photography product does
not entitle him to prevent others from taking a picture or
more of the same thing subject-matter of the product, even if
the picture or the new pictures have been taken from the
same place, and under the same conditions in which the first
photography was taken.
Article 17
The products published without the permission of the author
may be used according to the following conditions and
a) Presenting the product, displaying it, acting it or rhyming it
if it happened in a private family meeting or in an
educational, cultural or social institution for clarification
for educational purposes. The musical groups affiliated to
the State may rhyme the musical products, provided for all
this that this does not result in any financial return, and
that the source and author are mentioned in it.
b) Using the product for personal use, by making one copy
through photocopying, recording, photography,
translation or musical distribution, provided in all this that
it does not violate the ordinary exploitation of the product,
and that it does not cause any unjustifiable damage to the
legitimate interests of the owner of the right.
c) To depend on the product in clarification in education
through printed materials, programs, audio visual and
voice recording for educational, cultural, religious
objectives or vocational training, within the limits requirec
for fulfilling these objectives, provided that the aim of
depending on the product in this case is not lucrative, and
that the name of the product and its author are mentioned.
d) To quote paragraphs from the product in another product
for the purpose of clarification, explanation, discussing,
criticizing, educating or testing in as much as justifiable by
this objective, provided that the name of the product and
its author are mentioned.
Arti c I e 18
The newspapers and periodicals may not relate episodes of
stories and short stories and other products published in the
other newspapers and newsletters, without the consent of
their author. However, the newspapers may relate articles of
political, economic and religious nature published in other
newspapers which preoccupy the public opinion, unless it was
stated in the newspaper in which those articles were published
that they are not to be explicitly related, provided that in all
cases the source from which they were relayed is mentioned.
Arti c I e 19 :
The newspapers and other media means may publish
without the authorization of the author the speeches,
lectures, talks and other similar products that are publicly
presented or addressed to the public, provided that in all
these cases the product and its author are mentioned, and
that the author of any of these products publishes it in one
printed material, or in any other manner of form he chooses.
Article 20 :
Public libraries and non-commercial documentation centers,
educational institutes, scientific and cultural institutions may
copy any product by photocopying it without the permission
of the author, provided that the photocopies and the number
of photocopies are limited to the need of those institutions,
and that this process does not damage the copyright of the
product’s author, and that it does not violate the ordinary
exploitation of that product.
Articl e 21:
The author’s heir alone have the right to decide to publish his
product that was not published during his life unless the
author had bequeathed its non-pUblication or determined the
time during which it can be published, and his will has to be
abided by.
Article 22
The author’s heir alone have the right to practice the financial
exploitation rights stipulated herein for that product, provided
that if the author has contracted in writing during his life with
others concerning the exploitation of his product, this
contract has to be implemented according to its conditions.
Also, if more than an author have taken part in authoring the
product, and one of them dies without leaving an heir, his
part of the product will be equally given to the remaining
authors participating in authoring it , unless otherwise
agreed upon in writing.
Article 23
a) Subject to Article (17) herein
l-The performer shall prevent others from establishing
his non-established performance, copying or
establishing his performance or broadcasting it
using telecommunication means, and conveying it to
the public without his approval.
2-The radio and television corporation, or the owner of
the right, the author have the right to prevent others
from establishing the non-established radio
programs, or copying I.e. establishing these
programs or sending them using telecommunication
means or conveying them to the public through the
television broadcast without the approval of that
body or the owner of the copyright.
b) The producers of voice recordings or their successors or
whoever has any legal right pertaining to the vOice
recording have the right to permit or prevent the direct or
indirect copying of their voice recording, or lease the
original copies or other copies to others for commercial
c) The copyrights of the performers and producers of voice
recording shall be valid for fifty years starting from
January first of the year that follows the year in which the
performance or establishment of the recording took place,
according to the situation.
d) This applies to the radio programs broadcast by any radio
or television corporation for twenty years starting from
January first of the year that follows the year in which the
program was broadcast for the first time.
Article 24 :
The official television and radio corporations may prepare for
their programs and through their own means a nonpermanent
recording of any product they are licensed to
broadcast or display provided they destroy all the copies of
the product during a period of not more than one year as of
the date of preparing those copies, unless the author agrees
to extend this period. Excluded from this are the copies of the
products that are of a documentary nature, and provided that
not more than one copy of each of them is kept.
Article 25 :
Whoever made any picture shall not have the right to display
the original of that picture, publish it , distribute, display it or
display copies thereof without the permission of whom it
represents. This provision shall not be valid if the publication
of the picture occurred due to accidents that publicly occurred,
or the picture concerned official men or publicly famous men,
or the public authorities permitted their broadcast to serve the
public interest, provided in all cases that no picture shall be
displayed, published, distributed or circulated if this would
entail prejudice to the honor of whomever it represents, or his
dignity, reputation or social status. However, the person that
the picture represents may authorize its publication in the
newspapers and magazines and other mass media even if the
person who made the picture did not authorize this, unless
otherwise agreed . These provisions apply to pictures
regardless of the manner they were made whether by
drawing, engraving, sculpture or any other manner.
Article 26
If any product did not carry the name of its author or carried
an assumed name, the publisher of that product is
considered authorized de jure by the author to practice his
rights stipulated in this law until the author declares his
character and proves it .
Article 27
If the heirs of the author of any product, or any person that is
considered a successor to him according to the situation, did
not practice their rights in financial exploitation of the
product, the minister may practice those rights to publish the
product or republish it if the heirs or the successors did not de
that during six months of the date of the written notification
sent to them by the minister, without prejudice to the right of
the successor or heirs to a fair compensation for the
publication or republication of the product, provided that the
pu blicatio n or re-pu bl icatio n serves the pu bl ic in te rest.
Article 28 :
The author has the right to dispose of OilY of his rights in the
product based on participation with others, with a part of the
income or profit resulting from the financial exploitation of
the product by the others. Provided that he has the right to
obtain an additional part of that income or yield, if it wa’
found that the expenditure for the exploitation of his product
was not fair, or became like this for reasons and conditions
that were concealed at the time when the contract was
concluded or occurred after that.
Article 29 :
The author of the original plLlstic or[ products, original
musical and literary products or his heirs have the right to
participate in the yield of every auction sale process of these
products that follows the first assignment thereof by the
author; and the regulations determine the conditions for
practicing this right, and the rate of participation in the sales
yield, and the method of their collection. Any agreement or
arrangement concluded or held contrary ~iJ the provisions of
this Article shall be considered null and void, provided that
this provision does not apply to the products of architecture
and applied sciences.
Article 30 :
The period of protection sholl apply to the financial rights
of the author stipulated herein during the life of the
author and for fifty years after his death, or after the death
of the last one alive of those who participated in
authoring the product if there were more than one author
. For the purposes of calculating the protection period, the
date of death shall be deemed to have occurred on
January first of the year that follows the actual date of
death of the author.
Arti c I e 31
The protection period of the products shall apply for fifty
years as of the date of their publication, provided that the
calculation of this period starts from January first of the year
that follows the actual date of their publication:
a) The cinema and television production products, provided
that in the event of their non-publication with the approval
of the copyright owner during fifty years of the date of
completing that product, the period of protection shall
apply as of the date of their completion which is
considered to be the first of January of the year in which
the actual completion of the product took place.
b) Any product which author or owner its copyright is a
corporeal person.
c) The product that is published for the first time after the
death of its author.
d) The product that does not carry the name of its author, or
carries an assumed name, provided that if the author
revealed his identity during the protection period, the
period of protection will start from the date of the death of
the author.
Article 32 :
The protection duration of the following products shall apply
for twenty five years as of the date of their completion which
is considered January First of the year that follows the year in
which the actual completion of the product took place:
a) The photography products.
b) The applied sciences products.
Article 33
a) The product shall be deemed published as of the date of
its placement at the disposal of the public for the first
time, and its republication is not considered for this
purpose unless the author introduced basic
amendments when republishing it due to which it can be
considered a new product.
b) If the product comprises a number of parts or volumes
published at different times, every part or volume is
considered an independent product concerning the date
of publication.
Article 34 :
a) After the elapse of the protection period stipulated herein
for any product, or when no heirs to its author nor
successor are available before the elapse of the protection
period, the product will be considered public property so
that any person will have the right to print it, publish it or
translate it if it was printed it, published or translated
b) If the product stipulated in paragraph (a) of this Article was
not printed, published or translated before becoming
public property, no right in it may be exploited including
printing it, publishing it or translating it unless by a license
of the minister. This licensing shall apply for fifteen years,
provided it is considered cancelled if its owner did not use
it during one year, or if he started to do so then stopped for
one whole year
Article 35 :
a) If more than a person took part in authoring one product so
that the share of everyone of them in authoring could not
be separated, they would all be considered equal owners
of the product, unless otherwise agreed. No one of them
may in this case practice the copyright in the product
unless they all agree to that, and each of them has the
right to institute an action in the event of any
encroachment upon the right of the author.
b) However, if it was possible to separate the share of
everyone of the people taking part in authoring the
product from the share of his partners, each of them will
be entitled to exploit the copyright in the part he
contributed in authoring, provided that this does not
prejudice the exploitation of the product itself or the rights
of all the partners in the product, unless agreed otherwise.
c) If a group took part in authoring a product under the
directives of a natural or corporeal person, and it is called
a collective product, and this person was committed to
publishing it in his name and under his administration,
whereas the work of the participants in it was integrated
in the public objective targeted by that person from the
product or the idea he created it for, so that the work
carried out by each of the participants in authoring the
product cannot be separated or distinguished , the
person that directed and organized the innovation of the
product shall be considered an author thereof, and has
alone the right to practice the copyright therein.
Article 36
a) The employees of the copyright office at the national
library department authorized by the minister are
considered judiciary officers during their implementation
of the law.
b) In the event that there was any suspicion indicating the
occurrence of any violation of this law in any place that is
in charge of printing the products, copying them,
producing or distributing them, the employees of the
copyright office shall have the right to inspect this place,
seize the copies and the materials used in committing
these infractions and refer them with their perpetrators to
the court, and the minister has the right to ask the court to
close down the place.
Article 37 :
a) Is considered a partner in authoring the cinema, radio and
television products :
1- The scenario author, or the owner of the written idea
of the program.
2- Whoever modified the existing literary product in a
manner that renders it suitable for implementation.
3- The dialogue author in the cinema, radio or television
4- The composer in the cinema, radio or television
5- The product producer if he actually started to control
its implementation, and he made something
intellectually positive to realize the product.
b) If the product was a simplified form of another previous
product or one extracted from it, the author of the
previous product would be considered a partner in the
new product.
c) The scenario author of the literary product, and whoever
modified it, and the author of the dialogue in it and its
Page 20
producer, have jointly the right to display the new product
without that the author of the original literary product or
the music composer has the right to object to that,
provided that this does not prejudice the rights incurred
to him for authoring the product or composing it . Each of
the author of the literary part and musical part in the
product, has the right to publish the part he owns in any
other manner than the cinema, radio or television unless
otherwise agreed.
d) If any of the participants in the authoring of a product
refused to do what he has to do or to complete the work
required of him, this will not result in preventing any of
the other p~lrticipants in the authoring of the product,
from using the part he has completed therein, provided
this does not prejudice the rights incurred 10 an\’ of them
due to their participation in the product.
e) Is considered a producer of the cinema, radio or television
product the person that implements this product or
shoulders the responsibility of this implementation, and
places at the disposal of its authors the physical and
financial means for producing the product.
f) The producer of the cinema, radio or television product is
considered a publisher thereof, and shall have all the
publisher’s rights for the product and copies thereof, and
he shall be throughout the whole agreed upon period for
exploiting the product acting on behalf of all its authors
and their successors in contracting with third parties for
the display and exploitation of the product without
prejudice to the rights of the authors of the other quoted
literary and musical products, unless it was otherwise
agreed upon in this paragraph.
Article 38
Subject to the provisions of Article (45) herein, every product
published or printed in the Kingdom for a jordanian or nonjordanian
author shall be subject to the deposition provisions
stipulated herein. Moreover, every product published or
printed outside the Kingdom for a Jordanian author shall be
subject to these provisions if distributed in the Kingdom.
Provided that the deposition takes place for free before
displaying the product for sale or distribution inside the
Kingdom, and the deposited copies of the product when
,reprinting it are in conformity to the deposition provisions by
virtue of this law.
Article 39 :
Each of the author and publisher of the product and the owner
of the printing house where it was printed, and the producer
and distributor thereof shall be responsible for its deposition.
Moreover, the importer of any product or his representative
shall be responsible for depositing the product th;:l! was
printed, published or produced outside the Kin~Jdom for a
jordanian author.
Article 40 :
Every product shall be given a special deposition number,
and the center shall deduce the technical data from the
product for the purposes of indexing and classifying the
printed products according to the rules followed in this
respect. These data are delivered to the person concerned to
affix them on the produc.
Article 41
Each of the author of the product, if he is a writer, and its
publisher as well as the owner of the printing house where it
was printed shall be responsible for affixing the indexing,
classification data, and the deposition number of its date on
the back of the page of the product’s address. As for tile
products that are not books, the deposition number shall be
affixed in any apparent place of the product.
Article 42 :
Every printing house or party in charge of printing the
product, publishing , producing or c1istributillg it in the
Kingdom shall present every six months a statement with the
products that it printed, published, produced or distributed
according to the form prepared by the center for this purpose.
Article 43 :
The center issues periodical bibliographic data in the form of
lists including the products that were deposited at th e cen ter
. It also is in charge of the bibliographic information in this
Article 44 :
The center organizes a unified index to define the products
available at the libraries, the information and documentation
centers at the Kingdom stating in it the place in which every
product is , as well as the libraries and the information and
documentation centers included in the unified index, and thl
commitments and duties required of them by a decision of
the minister.
Article 45 :
The non-deposition of the product does not violate the
author’s rights stipulated herein.
Article 46 :
a) The court may, upon the request of the owner of the right,
or any of his heirs or successors, take the following
actions concerning a product in which the copyright was
violated or any of the rights stated in Article (23) herein,
provided that the request includes a detailed and
comprehensive description of the product:
1- To order the halting of the violation of the product or
any part thereof.
2- To confiscate the product, its copies and pictures and
any mi?terials used in copying, provided they are not
useful for anything else.
3- To confiscate the exploitation revenues of the
published product through public performance.
b) The request may be submitted before and after the
institution of the lawsuit.
c) When proving that the person placing the request is the
owner of the copyright. and that his rights have been
violated or about to be violated, the court may take any of
the actions stipulated in paragraph (a) of this article in a
reserved manner to prevent the violation from occurring
or in order to maintain a proof related to the violation
d) In the cases In which the delay may cause irreparable
damage to the owner of copyright, or in the cases’
involving risks that can be proven with the loss of
evidences related to the violation deed, the court may take
any of the actions stipulated in paragraph (a) of this Article
in a reserved manner, without notifying the defendant and
in his absence. The injured parties are notified by the
court about the measures taken as soon as they are taker
The defendant may ask for a hearing to hear what is being
said during a reasonable period of time after being
notified of the measure. The court has to decide in this
hearing whether the reserved action was to be confirmed,
amended or cancelled.
e) The request for a reserved action should be accompanied
by an adequate financial guaranty according to
paragraphs (c) and (d) of this Article to prevent
arbitrariness and to guaranty any damages that the
Defendant may incur if the Plaintiff’s claim was not
f) Based on the request of the Defendant, the reserved actions
taken are cancelled before instituting a lawsuit accordil
to paragraphs (c) and (d) of this Article if the lawsuit was
not instituted in a period of eight days of the date of
issuance of the court order to take the action.
g) In the cases where the taken reserved action is cancelled
according to the paragraphs (c) and (d) of this Article, due
to the elapse of the period for instituting the lawsuit or
because of the Plaintiffs default, or it was proven that
there was no aggression or risk of aggression, upon the
request of the Defendant, the court may order a suitable
compensation for the damages resulting from these
h) The court may order the claimant, who arbitrarily asked for
the actions stated in this article, to compensate the party
against which the action was taken an adequate
compensation for the damage he incurred as a result of
this arbitrariness.
Article 47
a) The court may, upon the request of the author or any of his
heirs or successors, rule to destroy the product’s copies or
the picture taken of it, which was illegitirnately published
and the materials used in publishing it, and it may instead
of destroying them, rule to change the features of the
copies, pictures and materials or render them unfit for
use. However, if the court discovers that the author’s
copyright in the product elapses after two years of the
date of the judgement becoming absolute, it may rule
instead of that to affix the impound to honor the
compensations ruled for the author.
b) The court may not rule to destroy the copies of any
product or pictures taken from it or to change their
features if the dispute was about the translation of the
product into the arabic language. The court’s order in this
case should be restricted to impounding the product, its
copies or the pictures taken from it according to the
c) The court may order the confiscation of the product or the
copies thereof, and the materials used in producing it and
selling them within the limits that would be adequate tr
compensate the author for the damages he incurred,
instead of destroying those copies, changing their features
or destroying those materials.
d) The buildings and the SCUlpture, drawings or ornaments
and architectural forms on it may not be impounded, and
a ruling may not be issued to destroy them, or change
their features, or confiscate them for the purpose of
preserving the architectural rights of the author whose
designs were used for the building and drawings in an
illegitimate manner, provided he honors his rights for a
fair compensation of that.
Arti cl e 48 :
Subject to Article (47), a ruling may be rendered to reinstate
any product whose author’s rights were violated, to its
pervious state, including the introduction of any amendment
thereto, or deletion of parts thereof to accomplish thut
Article 49 :
The author whose rights in his product were violated under
this law, has the right to obtain a fair compensation for that,
provided that the cultural status of the author, and the
literary, scientific or artistic value thereof are taken into
account when evaluating the said compensation, and the
extent of benefit that the aggressor obtairJed from exploiting
the product. The compensation awarded to the author in this
case is considered an excellent debt on the net selling price
of things that were used in the violation of his right and the
sums impounded in the lawsuit.
Article 50 :
The court may, upon the request of the judgement creditor,
decide to publish the ruling it renders by virtue of this law in
one or more local daily or weekly newspapers at the expense
of the judgement debtor.
Article 51:
a) Shall be sentenced to prison for a period of not less than
three months and not more than three years, and for a
fine of not less than one thousand Dinars, and not more
than three thousand Dinars, or to one of these two
1- Everyone who practiced without a legal deed one of
the rights stipulated in Articles 8,9,10,23 of this law.
2- Everyone who displayed for sale, circulation or lease
an imitated product, or copies thereof, or broadcast it
to the public as being imitated in any manner
whatsoever, or entered it to the Kingdom or taken it
out of it, knowing it is imitated.
c) In the event of repetition of any of the crimes stipulated in
para (a) of this Article, , its perpetrator shall be sentenced
to the maximum imprisonment sentence and to the
highest fine. The court in this case may rule to close down
the institution in which the crime was committed for a
period of not more than a year, or to stop its licensing for
a certain period or indefinitely.
Article 52 :
Everyone who violates Articles 38,39,41,42 herein shall be
sentenced to paying a fine of not less than five hundred
Dinars, and not more than one thousand Dinars . This
sentence shall not exempt him from implementing the
provisions stipulated in those Articles.
Article 53 :
a) The provisions of this law shall apply to the products of the
jordanian and foreign authors that are published or not
published and are expressed in any of the methods
stipulated in paragraph (b) of Article (3) inside the
Kingdom, and to the products of jordanian authors
published or not published and expressed ill (my of the
methods stipulated in paragraph (b) of Article (3) outside
the Kingdom.
b) Subject to the provisions of the international agreements
pertaining to the copyrights, and in the event of their nonapplicability,
the principle of equal treatment is taken into
consideration. The provisions of this law shall apply to
the products of the foreign authors that are published or
not published and expressed in any of the methods
stipulated in paragraph (b) of Article (3) herein outside the
c) For the purposes of applying the provisions of this Article,
the authors residing in any of the member countries of the
international agreements on copyrights to which Jordan
has adhered, even if they are not citizens thereof, shall be
treated as citizens of the Kingdom. Moreover, this Article
shall apply to the owners of the rights stipulated in Article
(23) herein.
Article 54 :
The law shall apply to the existing products at the time of its
enforcement, with the exception of Articles 41, 42, 51 and 52,
whose provisions shall only apply to the facts and deeds that
take place after the enforcement of the provisions of this law.

Original source: