How much punishment is too much? This sensitive question is as old as the law itself. As well as the word “justice” and “legitimacy”. The human society has always created measures to distinguish between right and wrong. Things that were in favour of the population or the ruling elite have always been considered legitimate and those against it were biased or flawed. Though, the human race has always been tempted to do things the wrong way. Whether in the stone ages, the middle ages or more modern times, we have always heard about good people obeying the rules of the community and about bad people that have been or still are committing crimes against the laws of the state. As we learnt from the Holy Quran, The Bible or The Old Testament… even the first men’s children were subjects of such behaviour. Cane was killed by Able out of jealousy.
Why We Need A Law System
If the human race hadn’t created civility and rules and if all men were literally “free” and could act and behave as they wish, then terms like “good” or “bad” or “legal” and “illegal” would never make sense. So would we might have been saying goodbye to the social evolution as well as things like technology and communication; they wouldn’t be as necessary. Thus, we can draw the conclusion that humans needs the state of law as an inevitable part of his life. Of course as with every birth, and as every other phenomenon in this planet this isn’t a perfect thing. But it was a definite step forward for men and it is evolving and changing along with our society and our own rational growth. Laws exist because we decided to be more civilized and the interest of the majority shouldn’t be affected in favor of the minority or a group of people that doesn’t have “the right” to ignore and endanger the right of the others.
Why Punishment Laws
As we needed to define good or bad, we started to create the most primitive laws and law enforcement. We had to designate the rules of reward and punishment. Reward is something that didn’t needed to be addressed, rather people had to think about punishment to prevent abuse of the law. As laws and legal matters became complicated by the day, lawyers and advocates were born. Today, every state has its own judiciary system, every nation has its own definitions of law. These are pretty much tangled with the traditions, religions, history and values of that very population. Some countries still enforce death penalties for the most serious crimes, others have long abandoned this law. In the United States each state has its own constitution. That means that a criminal convicted of murder in Texas would end up on death row, whereas the same guy would flee this lot in Maryland.
Laws in Jordan
As with every country, Jordan has its own definition of state of law. The Jordanian criminal code, pretty much similar to a traditional French law system, divides all cases into three categories based on the severity of the punishments. When convicted of serious crimes, the sentenced can face verdicts ranging from the death penalty to imprisonment for different periods. These range from three years to life time imprisonment. Punishments for misdemeanours or minor acts of violations, imprisonment can be enforced ranging from 21 days to three years; sometimes fines are included for specific cases. For less serious violations, punishments of imprisonment are less than 21 days and small fines, or may include reprimands by the court. In cases where delinquencies are involved or when we’re talking about minor violations, the judge can invoke preventive measures. These might include detention for psychiatric inspection, castigation of property, or shutting down the business.
Penalties in Jordanian Law
As mentioned before, many laws stem from the religious or traditional nature of a country. When speaking about laws in Jordan, we have to evaluate all aspects. For instance, there are penalties considered for gambling in public environments, corruption, giving bribes, falsehood in law or commerce, forgery, theft, harassment and battery, and making trouble for other people.
Religious Effects on the Judiciary System
The inspiration of Sharia is very effective in Jordanian Laws and law enforcement. Desertion of children, abortion, espousing with a girl under sixteen, openly humiliating and offending against the Islamic religious sanctities and also openly breaking the fast in the holy month of Ramadan is considered a breach of law and can be met with consequences. Historically, Instances of these punishments have been few and far between, but when it comes to the rules of society, one should always choose the safe side of the game.